Fix Bayonets! by Mustang
William Ward Burrows (16 Jan 1758 – 6 March 1805) was born in Charleston, South Carolina. He served with distinction in the Revolutionary War with the South Carolina state militia. After the war, he moved to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania to practice law. On the day following an act of Congress to establish a permanent United States Marine Corps (11 July 1798), President John Adams appointed Burrows Major Commandant. During his tenure as Commandant, the manpower strength of the Marine Corps never exceeded 881 officers, noncommissioned officers, privates, and musicians. Note that by tradition, Samuel Nicholas was the first officer to serve as Commandant of Continental Marines, but Burrows was the first appointed Commandant of the U. S. Marine Corps. In history, Burrows is regarded as the Second Commandant of the Marine Corps.
After the United States won its independence from Great Britain, America no longer benefitted from the protection of the British Navy. America was suddenly facing the arduous and expensive task of protecting its own seacoast and merchant fleet. Few American ships were available to take on this task, and few were even capable of such a mission. The Kingdom of France was a crucial ally of the United States during the Revolutionary War, had loaned the Continental Congress large sums of money, and in 1778, signed an agreement with the United States for an alliance against Great Britain. In 1792, Louis XVI was overthrown during the French Revolution and the French monarchy was abolished[…]
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Mustang has other great reads over at his two blogs – Thoughts from Afar with Old West Tales and Fix Bayonets.